CHILD WELFARE

Child Welfare

In India, there is 15% – 18% of the population under Child till POSCO act. There was no formal definition of Child in India. However, the POSCO trial and the National approach of the child (2013). Because India has a formal definition of Child (0-18 years). However, India is the part of the UN of the UN Convention on Child Rights. Now, India’s Child agreement has four sectors ie…
  1. The Development Rights of Child.
  2. The Survival Rights of Child.
  3. TheParticipation Rights of Child.
  4. The Protection Rights of Child.
In April 2013, the Government of India  Adopted National Policy for Child. It continues the govt promise to the acknowledgement of the opportunity of all children in the nation. It identifies each individual under 18 years as a child. This approach lists that must be regarded by the national, state and local government. Therefore, actions and their activities change children life. The key norms of the child are
  • The opportunity of each child to life
  • The Survival of the child.
  • The growth of the child.
  • The direction of the child.
  • Security and Participation of child.
  • Rise to Rights without separation of the child.
  • Best Interest of child as an equal concern in all exercises and choices.
  • Family condition as the Most helpful for all form of a child.
  • The strategy has recognized survival, Health, Nutrition, Education, create, assurance and investment as a valid opportunity for each child.
  • As child needs are multi-sectoral, interconnected and require combined activity, strategy.

Constitutional Measure

  1. The preamble of the constitution of India.
  2. Articles of  the constitution of india – 21,  21A , 23 , 24 , 15(1) , 39(f) , 45 , 46 , 47 , 51 , 243(a) for the child.
  3. Amendments to the constitution – 86th C.A.Act for the child.

Nodal Ministries and Institutions

  • Ministries of women and child development for the child.
  • The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) for the child.
  • State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (SCPCR) for the child.
  • Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) for the child.
  • Child Helpline 1098 for the child.

Historial dimension

First of all, India is the member of UNCCR (The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child). which, working in the context of develop, protection and Survival of children, Child violence, the child in war zones, child refugees etc. Secondly, In 1974 India adopted the National policy for children with major affirms upon physical, mental and social development. which, providing free and compulsory education for the child. Even more, It is a comprehensive health program and supplementary nutrition for mother and child ( 0- 6 years).  that way,  after this policy guided by USA Wheat and Nutrition program. India initiated the ICDS program in 1971.

National Charter For Children, 2004

  • The Survival, health and Nutrition of the child.
  • The Play, recreational and relaxation of the child.
  • The Education of the child.
  • Protection of the girl child.
  • The Empowering of the youth.
  • The Child equality of life and liberty of child.
  •  A right of name and nationality.
  •  Right to have a family of the child.
  • The Right to food of childhood for the child.
  • A right to a minimum standard of life.
  • The Right to protection from eco exploitation of the child.
  • The Birth and survival of the Rights of the child.

Problem of Children

  • A number of children don’t have a birth identity.
  • The lack of support and neonatal agency of a child.
  • The Child Trafficking and Organ Theft of the child.
  • The issue of nationality of the child.
  • A malnourishment, child work and Poor proficiency of child.
  • Rude behaviour at home and sexual misuse of the child.
  • Child marriages are partition from family and friends, limiting the child’s interactions with the community and peers.
  • The lack of opportunities for the education of the child.

Solutions

For Survival Rights

  • First of all, the Digital India campaign for the child, Aadhar Linkage of the child, a child from birth and e-praman ( birth identity) as the duty of the region for the child.
  • Secondly, Janani Suraksha Yojana for the child, Janani Shishu Suraksha Karakoram for the child, Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karakoram for the child, RMNCH+A and  ICDS  programme for the health of the child. Even more, National Child Disease for the child and lack screening Program for the child, Maa New Born Action Plan for the child.

For Developmental

  • First of all, Rashtriya Kishore Swathya Karya Karam for the child, SABLA scheme for the child and RTE  act for the child.
  • Secondly, KV  schools and  Nehru Yuva Kendra for youth, or  National Bal Bhawan and MDMS  schemes are for the education of the child.
  • Thirdly, the Food and Nutrition Board for the child to improve the diet of children.
As the Result, children are the future of this country.
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